A Comparison of the Psychosocial Environment of Two Types of Residences for Persons With Severe Mental Illness: Small Congregate Community Residences and Psychiatric Inpatient Settings
This article is based on a study done in Sweden, which showed that the psychosocial environment differs between two types of settings. Residents and staff in small congregate residences rated higher levels of autonomy and lower levels of practical orientation, anger, aggression, order and organization than patients and staff in inpatient settings. In this cross-sectional study, the real version of the Community Oriented Program Environmental Scale (COPES) was administered to residents, patients and staff members. According to the authors, the psychosocial environment profiles for psychiatric settings in different phases of the care process may vary. (Authors)
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International Journal of Social Psychiatry 48(4): 243-252, 2002.