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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a block grant created by the Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, as part of a federal effort to “end
welfare as we know it.” The TANF block grant replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent
Children (AFDC) program, which had provided cash welfare to poor families with children since 1935. (Authors)
Washington, D.C.