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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Patterns of Homelessness and Implications for HIV Health After Release from Jail
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This empirical study examines the association between substance abuse, mental illness, health behaviors and different patterns of homelessness among recently released, HIV-infected jail detainees (Authors).
This empirical study examines the association betweensubstance abuse, mental illness, health behaviors and different patternsof homelessness among recently released, HIV-infected jail detainees.Using longitudinal data from a 10-site study, we examine correlates ofhomelessness, transitions to and from stable housing and the effect ofhousing on HIV treatment outcomes. Based on our analysis, we foundevidence that the transitions from homelessness are closely associatedwith a reduction in the use of alcohol and illicit drugs, a decline indrug addiction severity, and an improvement in mental health. Inaddition, we found evidence that disparities in the housing statuscontributed substantially to the observed gap in the HIV treatmentoutcomes between homeless and non-homeless patients, including inachievement of virological suppression over time (Authors).
Journal
2013
AIDS Behavior
Oct
17
181-194
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