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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
The Impact of Assertive Community Treatment on the Social Relationships of People who are Homeless and Mentally Ill
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Two randomized experiments compared the effectiveness of the assertive community treatment (ACT) team against other treatments (outpatient therapy, drop-in center, and brokered case management) in improving the social relationships of individuals who were both homeless and suffered from severe and persistent mental illness. In both studies clients assigned to ACT teams reported having more professionals in their social networks than clients assigned to the other treatments. Clients did not report significant differences between treatment conditions on most of the other social relationship dimensions. Further attention to developing social skills and network interventions within ACT teams are recommended. (Authors)