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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Comparison of Offenders With Mental Illness Only and Offenders With Dual Diagnoses
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This study compared offenders who had severe mental illness only and offenders who had severe mental illness and substance abuse problems, or dual diagnoses, to determine whether these groups differed. Offenders with dual diagnoses who were involved with the criminal justice system at different levels were compared to explore their profiles and experiences after release. According to the author, offenders with dual diagnoses were more likely to be female and to have a history of being on probation and of using mental health services. The study concludes that offenders with dual diagnoses do not have a distinct clinical background, but rather that substance abuse is an important feature that affects their real or perceived level of functioning, engagement with the criminal justice system, and dependence on social service institutions in the community. (Author)
Journal
2004
Psychiatric Services
55
2
145-150