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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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This paper summarizes the findings for North America of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) Task Force on Steps, Obstacles and Mistakes to Avoid in the Implementation of Community Mental Health Care. (Authors)
Community mental health has evolved over five decades in the United States and Canada. The United States has led the world in innovation and spending, but provide variable quality of care; Canada has steadily developed a more uniform public health system for less cost. Lessons learned from North America include: team-based approaches and other evidence-based practices, when implemented with high fidelity, can improve outcomes in routine mental health care settings; recovery ideology and peer support enhance care, though they have not been studied rigorously; effective community-based care for people with serious mental disorders is expensive. (Authors)
United States and Canada
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