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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Work and Welfare: Job Histories, Barriers to Employment, and Predictors of Work Among Low-Income Single Mothers
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Within the context of a cross-sectional epidemiological study of 220 homeless and 216 low-income housed mothers, the present study examined the work experiences, barriers to employment, and facilitating factors such as education and literacy that increase the likelihood of work among low-income women. Analyses were focused on socio-demographic variables such as age, race, and marital status. Findings suggest the need for programs of education, early intervention, and job training. However, the availability of adequate jobs and affordable child care are prerequisites for poor, single mothers to become self-supporting. (American Psychological Association)